Effect of Different Packages on Quality and Extension of Shelf-Life in Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L. Mill.)

S. Bhuvaneswari, T. H. Singh, A. T. Sadhashiva

Abstract


Tomato hybrid NS-2535 at the turning stage was packed in three different packages, namely, Corrugated Fibre Board (CFB) boxes of size 400 x 300 x 150mm, plastic crates (400 x 300 x 150mm) and polyethylene bag of size 300 x 450mm. Samples were stored at ambient conditions (Temperature: 28-30°C, RH: 55-62%). The samples were analyzed for weight loss (%), spoilage (%), biochemical qualities and shelf-life during storage. Fruits had a shelf-life of 11 days in all the packages. At the end of the storage period, tomato packed in CFB boxes and plastic crates showed less spoilage (8.7%-7.65%) and lower weight loss (5.02-5.48%). Biochemical analysis showed that lycopene (2.282 and 2.414 mg/100g, respectively), carotenoids (6.46 and 5.26 mg/100g, respectively) and ascorbic acid content (28.83 and 31.14mg/100g, respectively) were higher in tomato packed in CFB boxes and plastic crates compared to those packed in polyethylene bag. Samples packed in CFB boxes had a higher content of total sugars (2.54%) than those in other packages. From our studies it was found that storage life of tomato (hyb. NS-2535) packed in CFB boxes and plastic crates could be extended upto 11 days at ambient conditions, with less spoilage, lower weight loss and greater retention of ascorbic acid, lycopene and total sugar content.

Keywords


Packaging, Post-Harvest Loss, Tomato, CFB Box, Plastic Crate, Polythene Bag.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ait-Oubahou, A. and Dilley, D.R. 1990. Design and optimization of modified atmosphere packaging of Empire apple fruit following Controlled Atmosphere Storage. Proc. Congress of the Mediterranean Phytopathologicla Union, October 28 - November 3, Agadir, Morocco

Aneesh, M., Kudachikar, V.B. and Ravi, R. 2007. Effect of ionizing radiation and modified atmosphere packaging on shelf-life and quality of tomato stored at low temperature. J. Food Sci. Technol., 44(6):633-635

Bhuvaneswari, S., Narayana, C.K., Udhayakumar, R. and Veeregowda, R. 2015. Effect of packaging and storage temperature on shelf life of minimally processed onion (Allium cepa L.). J. Hortl. Sci., 10(2):216-219

Gajanana, T.M., Sreenivasamurthy, D., Sudha, M. and Dakshinamoorthy, V. 2006. Marketing and estimation of post harvest losses of tomato crop in Karnataka. Indian J. Agril. Mktg., 20:1-10

Girja Sharan and Kishor Rawale. 2001. New packaging options for transporting tomatoes in India. ITDG Food Chain, 29:15-18

Mustafa, A. and Al Mughrabi. 1994. Effect of packaging methods on quality characteristics of tomato fruits produced in hydroponics. J. King Saud Univ., 6(1):71-76

Muhammad Shahnawaz, Saghir Ahmed Sheikh, Aijaz Hussain Soomro, Aasia Akbar Panhwar and Shahzor Gul Khaskheli. 2012. Quality characteristics of tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) stored in various wrapping materials. African J. Food Sci. Technol. (ISSN: 2141-5455), 3(5):123-128

Mathooko, F.M., Nabawanuka, J. 2003. Effect of film thickness on post-harvest ripening and quality characteristics of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) fruit under modified atmosphere packaging. J. Agril. Sci. Technol., 5(1):39-60

Ramkumar, M.V., Babu, C.K, Naik, R., Subramanya, S. and Krishnamurthy, K.C. 1995. Performance of Bengaluru Blue grapes in corrugated fibre board boxes under simulated conditions. Phala Samskarana-95, Procs. National Seminar on Post Harvest Technology of Fruits, August 7-9, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, pp. 184-187

Ranganna, S. 1986. Manual of Analysis of Fruits and Vegetable Products. 2nd edn. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd, New Delhi, 1112 p.

Sood, M., Raj Kumari Kaul and Amriq Singh. 2011. Effect of post harvest treatments on changes in sugar and lycopene content of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). World J. Agril. Sci., 13:616

Yadav, R.K., Sanwai, S.K., Singh, P.K. and Juri, B. 2009. Effect of pre-treatments and packaging of tomato in LDPE and PET films on the storage-life. J. Food Sci. Technol., 46:139-141